The El Salvador flag is primarily blue and white, and these colors also happen to be the colors of the United Provinces of Central America, which was the union of Central American nations that formed after achieving independence from Spain.
The design was also borrowed from the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America. Three colored bands of equal widths are arranged horizontally across the flag with two blue stripes on the top and bottom with a white stripe situated in the center.
In the very center of the Salvadorian flag, the coat of arms of El Salvador is located. It includes many details such as five volcanoes, which represent the members of the former Central American union, as well as the Phrygian cap that tops a staff, which represents liberty. The date of El Salvadorian independence, September 15, 1821, is also featured on the coat of arms, as well as a rainbow which symbolizes peace.
The Salvadorian flag was officially adopted in 1912, but other flags, one resembling the American flag, was used before this date.
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